Philip in Religious Art

Philip also portrayed his deeply religious nature through a number of commissioned portraits during his reign. These portraits, painted by a variety of well-known court artists such as Sofonisba Anguissola, Titian, and El Greco, demonstrate the strong faith in both God and in the Catholic church which Philip held throughout his life, which ultimately made his rule more absolute in his eyes and the eyes of his people.[1]

Philip II, Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565

[2]

In this portrait, painted by Sofonisba Anguissola, one of Spain’s most renowned portraiture artists of the period, Philip appears as a solemn, religious monarch. He holds a rosary in his hands in the painting, giving off the air of a king whose primary goal is to be a religious man. In addition, his clothes are solemn, as is his expression. Peter Pierson described Philip’s dress as “neat and fashionable, though as he grew older, he wore only black…one is struck by the dignity of his carriage.”[3]

King Philip II Offering His Son Prince Ferdinand to God After the Victory at Lepanto, Titian, 1573-1575

[4]

This painting, created by Titian in 1575, depicts to an even greater extent the religious nature of Philip II. In the painting, Philip is holding up his heir, Prince Ferdinand, to God in thanks for the military victory at Lepanto. This was one of the few celebrations that Philip allowed himself, and still relates directly to his deep spirituality and faith in the Catholic church.[5]

In addition to being a military victory, Lepanto was also a victory for Christendom as a whole. The fight against the Turkish Muslims united the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Venice, and even the Vatican against the threat of a Muslim invasion. John Lynch describes the battle of Lepanto as “an outstanding feat of technique and courage,” and a “joy to Christendom.”[6]


[1] Peter Pierson, Philip II of Spain (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975), 43.

[2] Sofinisba Anguissola, 1565, Philip II of Spain, ARTstor, JPG file, http://library.artstor.org.ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/library/secure/ViewImages?id=%2FThWdC8hIywtPygxFTx5RngtU3Iqelg%3D&userId=hzRAcw%3D%3D&zoomparams= .

[3] Peter Pierson, Philip II of Spain (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975), 37.

[4] Titian, 1573-1575, King Philip (Felipe) II offering his son Prince Ferdinand to God after the victory of Lepanto, ARTstor, JPG file, http://library.artstor.org.ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/ library/secure/ViewImages?id=%2FThWdC8hIywtPygxFTx5RngoXHsvflM%3D&userId=hzRAcw%3D%3D&zoomparams=.

[5] Pierson, 46.

[6] John Lynch, Spain 1516-1598: From Nation State to World Empire (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1992), 335-6.

11 Responses to “Philip in Religious Art”

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    ” R ” king Melchior
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    ” R ” Christian Evangelical
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    ” CS ” Philippines
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    ” V ” U.S.A.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ESAU

    TIMPOYUG TI AMIANAN is the holy family of the daughter of king DAVID of Israel and there PILIPPINO CHINES community,

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    ” R ” king MELCHIOR
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    ” R ” TURKISH,,,,,,,,KHRISTU
    ” V ” AMERICA,,,,,,,AMALIC
    ”CS ” NEW YORK,,,NOE
    ” V ” U.S.A.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ESAU

    this victory legal document ” RVCSV,RMG,KKK ” is under the law of king PHILIP II of SPAIN and their government PHILIPPINES

    ” R ” JUAN THE BAPTIST
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    ” V ” ISAAC

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    ” V ” ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL
    ” CS ” BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
    ” V ” HENRY FORD

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    ” CS ” FRANKLIN
    ” V ” FORD

    ” R ” MEXICAN + INDIAN
    ” V ” AMERICAN
    ” CS ” BRITISH
    ” V ” GERMAN

    ” R ” KING PHILIP II OF SPAIN 1516
    ” V ” GENERAL.FERDINAND MAGELLAN
    ” CS ” GENERAL.DOUGLAS MACARTHUR
    ” V ” GENERAL.ADOLF HITLER

    ” R ” TURKISH,,,,,,,,,,,KHRISTU
    ” V ” AMERICA,,,,,,,,,,AMALIC
    ” CS ” NEW YORK,,,,,NOE
    ” V ” U.S.A.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ESAU

    this land mark ” RVCSV,RMG,KKK ” is the legal document of king PHILIP II of SPAIN 1516 according the history of the only begotten son the old testament of the holy bible.” PHILOSOPHER ”

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    JACOB IS JAPANIS and ESAU IS CHINES

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    ” CS ” NEW YORK,,,NOE
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    this land mark ” RVCSV ” is the last well of testament of the real king the only begotten son King Philip II of Spain 1516 and Queen Mary 1 Tudor of England.

    WESTERN VISAYAS VICTORY LAND MARK OF THE REAL KING AND QUEEN
    ” RVCSV/RMG/KKK/LAND MOTHER TITLE”

    ” R ” TURKISH,,,,,,,,,,,,,,KHRISTU
    ” V ” AMERICA,,,,,,,,,,,,,,AMALIC
    ” CS ” NEW YORK,,,,,,,,,NOE
    ” V ” U.S.A,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ESAU

    Republic of the Philippines
    PHILIPPINES LAST WELL OF TESTAMENT VICTORY LAND MARK
    ” RVCSV / RMG /KKK / LAND MOTHER TITLE ”
    International Lions Club Organization
    Ku Klux Klan

    ” R ” IZRAEL ”

    ILOIL CITY
    LEGANES
    ZARRAGA
    DOMANGAS
    POTOTAN
    DUMARRAO
    CAPIZ
    ROXAS
    KALIBU
    BORACAY

    ” V ” BETHLEHEM ”

    BAROTAC NUEVO
    BAROTAC VIEJO
    BALASAN
    VICTORIAS NEGROS
    BACOLOD CITY

    ” CS ” NAZARETH ”

    CULASI AJUY
    PILI AJUY
    CULASI ANTIQUE

    ” V ” JERUSALEM ”

    GIUMARAS
    MIAGAO
    GUIMBAL
    SAN MEGUIL
    TEGBAWAN
    ANTIQUE
    LION

    ” R ” ISRAEL
    ” V ” BETHLEHEM
    ” CS ” NAZARETH
    ” V ” JERUSALEM

    this land mark RVCSV is in BAROTAC NUEVO JUAN BRITANIA ST.old SPANISH road province of ILOILO city.
    this land mark ”RVCSV” is the privacy of king PHILIP II of SPAIN 1516.

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  10. this land mark RVCSV is the last well of testament land mother title of this country PHILIPPINES according the history of old testament of the holy bible and the holy family tree of the only begotten son.

    Republic of the Philippines
    Philippines last well of testament victory land mark
    ” RVCSV / RMG / KKK / land mother title ”
    International Lions Club Organization
    Ku Klux Klan
    king Philip II of Spain 1516 queen Mary 1 Tudor of England

    ” R ” Luzon…………………………..International Lions Club Organization

    Baguio city
    Dagupan
    Science city of munos
    Angelis
    Manila…………………………………..Timna
    Marikina……………………………….Amirikan
    Legaspi city
    Palawan

    ” M ” Visayas…………………………Victory

    ” Timpoyug Ti Amianan ”……..Timna
    Iloilo city
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    Boracay
    Barotac nuevo
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    Balasan
    Victorias Negros
    Bacolod city
    Cebu city

    ” G ” Mindanao……………………….Timna

    Cagayan de oro
    Butuan
    Davao city
    Genral santos city
    Zamboanga city
    Tawetawe

    ” CS ” Malaysia…………………….Elifash

    ” R ” ELIFASH
    ” V ” TIMNA……………………….according the old testament of the holy bible Elifash and their wife Timna and Ada is are there a six son
    1.Teman
    2.Quinaz
    3.Gatam
    4.Omar
    5.Zefo

    6.Amalic
    ” CS ” JOSEPH
    ” V ” MARY

    ” R ” TURKISH,,,,,,,,,KHRISTU
    ” V ” AMERICA,,,,,,,,AMALIC
    ” CS ” NEW YORK,,,NOE
    ” V ” U.S.A.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ESAU

    ” R ” CHRISTIAN EVANGELICAL
    ” V ” THOMAS ALVA EDISON
    ” CS ” PHILIPPINES
    ” V ” TIMPOYUG TI AMIANAN

    ” R ” JUAN THE BAPTIST
    ” V ” MATEO
    ” CS ” LUCAS
    ” V ” MARCOS

    ” R ” ENOS
    ” V ” ABRAHAM
    ” CS ” NOE
    ” V ” ISAAC

    ” R ” KING MELHCIO…………………../R/
    ” M ” KING B/A/LTH/A/Z/A/……./R/
    ” G ” KING GASPA………………………./R/
    ” CS ” GOD’S CH……………………………/R/ISTU /J/ESU

    king Philip II of Spain 1516 Queen Mary 1Tudor of England

    ” AMARRADOR CELSO JR.”

    ” R ” AMA + CELSO JR.
    ” V ” A A A
    ” CS ” DOR……………..FORD
    ” V ” R R R

    ” R ” DR.JOSE RIZAL
    ” V ” GENERAL.EMILIO AGUINALDO
    ” CS ” DON.CELSO LEDESMA ”1923”
    ” V ” GENERAL.ANDRES BONIFACIO

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    ” V ” GENERAL.EMILIO AGUINALDO
    ” CS ” DR.JOSE RIZAL
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  11. king Philip II of Spain last will of testament victory land mark” R V CS V / R M G / K K K ” land mother title. 1516

    ” R ” KING MELCHIOR
    ” M ” KING BALTHAZAR
    ” G ” GASPAR

    ” R ” CHRISTIAN EVANGELICAL
    ” V ” THOMAS ALVA EDISON
    ” CS ” PHILIPPINES
    ” V ” TIMPOYUG TI AMIANAN

    ” R ” AIR FORCE + NAVY
    ” V ” MARINES
    ” CS ” JR.JEREMIAH
    ” V ” ARMY

    ” R ” KING MELCHIOR
    ” V ” KING BALTHAZAR
    ” CS ” GOD’S.CHRIST U JESUS
    ” V ” KING GASPAR

    ” R ” KING PHILIP II OF SPAIN 1516
    ” V ” GENERAL.FERDINAND MAGELLAN
    ” CS ” GENERAL.DOUGLAS MACARTHUR
    ” V ” GENERAL.ADOLF HITLER

    ” R ” MEXICAN + INDIAN
    ” V ” AMERICAN
    ” CS ” BRITISH
    ” V ” GERMAN

    ” R ” THOMAS ALVA EDISON
    ” V ” ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL
    ” CS ” BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
    ” V ” HENRY FORD

    ” R ” AMERICA
    ” V ” BEIJING CHINA
    ” CS ” PHILIPPINES
    ” V ” MALAYSIA

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