Religion

Philip II of Spain was a deeply religious monarch, and involved throughout his life in the institution of the Catholic church. He appeared to his people as the great-grandson of Ferdinand and Isabel, the most Catholic monarchs; this was a great responsibility for him. In addition to that, Philip’s father, Charles V had been the Holy Roman Emperor for decades, tying Philip II inextricably to the Catholic church. As a monarch, he was extremely solemn and pious in public appearances, and dedicated much of his reign to the defense of Catholicism.[1] Philip faced a number of problems during his reign, including the spread of Lutheranism[2]; however, he promoted Catholicism by the building and decoration of El Escorial and through religious paintings of himself and his family.


[1] Pierson, Philip II of Spain (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975), 37.

[2] Pierson, Philip II of Spain (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975), 44.

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    ” ONE’S ”

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